Cut loose gemstones

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Cut loose gemstones  There are 135 products.


  • Adular/moonstone

    Adular/moonstone is today one of the most precious gems, thanks to a unique appearance that is best described as a luminous foggy moon. Gemologists call this phenomenon adularescence. This gentle fluorescence of the stone is caused by the small inclusions of various metals and chemical compounds with different refractive indices. Individual layers of inclusions and incident rays create the impression of colors and lights as if they were coming from within the gem.
    In addition to the famous Swiss mines, lunar stones are also collected in Sri Lanka or India. Monthly stones from Sri Lanka have the most beautiful colorful luminous inclusions and are among the most precious varieties of this gem. In India, interesting rainbow lunar stones with the inclusion of a whole spectrum of colors are found.

    RELATIVE DENSITY: 2.55 - 2.61

  • Aquamarine

    Aquamarine is a hexagonal mineral, beryllium silicate (chemical formula Be3Al2Si6O18). The name of the mineral is derived from the Latin aa marina (sea water).

    Like the sea level, aquamarine can have different shades of blue, from light tones to green tones to dark blue. The louder the blue tone, the higher the aquamarine value. Most aquamarines, however, have the characteristic light blue color, which is paradoxically the most sought after in the jewelery industry.

    Color blue
    Crystal appearance prismatic
    The system is hexagonal
    Hardness 7.5 - 8
    Glass glossy, matt
    The cleavage is imperfect
    Scratch white
    Density 2.6 - 2.8 g / cm³

  • Alexandrite

    Alexandrite is one of the most precious gemstones and is the rarest variety of chrysoberyl mineral, Russia's national gem. It was discovered relatively late, on April 17, 1834 by the Finnish mineralogist N. Nordenskjöld in the Emerald Mines of the Urals.

    Color: yellow to emerald green, blue-green, gray-brown
    System: rhombic
    Hardness: 8.5
    Glossy: glassy
    Cleavage: distinct according to {110}
    White scratch
    Density: 3,75 g⋅cm − 3
    Other: strong pleochroism

  • Amethyst

    Amethyst is a mineral, a variety of quartz of various shades of purple color. Amethyst is counted among precious stones, is a favorite material for making various ornaments and jewelery. It is mainly found in the cavities of basic rocks (geodes). Amethyst has a color from purple to purple. Some amethysts are transparent, others are translucent, other opaque, opaque. Because of their color they are very popular.

    Amethyst is one of the most precious gems of the mineralogical group of quartz, and its purple hue is due to the trace amounts of iron and aluminum. Purple color has been considered one of the symbols of the royal status since time immemorial, so amethyst has become part of a number of coronation jewels.

    The jewelery has been of amethyst since ancient times. Amethyst beads are known from the ancient civilizations of Mohendzhador, Egypt, Sumer, and Baktrie in Afghanistan and Tajikistan.

    Color violet
    Crystal appearance of columnar, hexagonal crystals
    The cranial system
    Hardness 7
    Glossy glass
    Scarcity dishonest
    Refractive index 1.54 (o) / 1.55 (e)
    Scratch white
    Density 2.6 g / cm³
    Solubility of hydrofluoric acid
    Other uneven or lasting quarry

  • Garnet

    As grenades (Hagones, 1250) we refer to the group of cubic minerals, non-silicates with a complicated chemical formula of the general form X3Z2 [SiO4] 3. The name comes from the Latin granatum malum - pomegranate. They generally consist of rhodododecahedric and hexaoctoedric crystals. Grained and compact aggregates are less common. There are individual grains or smoothed pebbles in the alluviums. The most famous varieties include Almandin, Grosular (light green to amber or deep brown), Hesonit (variety of grosular, honey yellow), Pyrope (blood red to black), Spessartin (dark red to brownish red), Uvarovit (emerald green). The most precious are the pyropes with the color change effect of alexandrite, in daylight and artificial lighting, very expensive are emerald green tsavorites from Tanzania, demantoids from Russia, cheaper are orange spessartins, sought after is rhodolite, rhodolith garnet, pyralmandine is a mixture of pyrope and almandine. raspberry colors. Indians and Romans used to use abundantly grosular, orange to honey hesonit, because they believed that he would turn away evil, gomedha stone, gomeda.

    Color: different according to varieties
    Appearance of crystal: rombododekaedry, hexaoctoedry
    System: cubic
    Hardness: 6.5–7.5
    Gloss: glassy, ​​matt, silk
    Fission: imperfect
    Engraving: white with color accents
    Density: 3,4–4,6 g⋅cm − 3

  • Chrysoberyl

    The name consists of the Greek words χρυσός (chrysos) = golden and βήρυλλος (berylos) = beryl, which describe the color of the mineral.
    Despite the similarity of names - chrysoberyl and beryl, they are two completely different gems, although both contain beryllium. Chrysoberyl is the third hardest, frequently occurring natural gem and lies at 8.5 on the Mohs mineral hardness scale, between corundum (9) and topaz (8). Ordinary chrysoberyl is yellowish green and transparent to translucent. If the mineral has a good light green to yellow color and is transparent, it is used as a gem.

    Color: yellow, light green
    System: diamond
    Hardness: 8.5
    Gloss: vitreous, greasy
    Good cleavage
    White scratch
    Density: 3,7 g⋅cm − 3
    Solubility in acids: insoluble

  • Larimar

    Larimar, also known as the "dolphin stone", is one of the most precious semi-precious stones in the world. This fact is due to the fact that in the world there is a single site of this unique blue pectolite variety that larimar is. Larimar is mined only in the Caribbean in the very small mountainous area of the island of Hispaniola, about 5 km away from Rio Bahoruco in the Dominican Republic.

  • Opal
  • Ruby

    Ruby is a pink to red gem consisting mainly of corundum (Al2O3) mineral with chromium coloring. The degree of hardness on the Mohs scale is 9. Among the largest deposits of rubies are mainly Africa, Asia (Burma), Australia, Greenland, Madagascar. The oldest deposits of rubies are alluvial rivers of southwestern Sri Lanka (Kaliganga River) with the old center of Ratnapura. Rubies are in demand magical and jewelry minerals. Their color is orange-red, raspberry, faint red, deep red, red, like blood - also known as "pigeon blood" - so colored rubies are the most precious! Ruby is one of the most valuable gemstones whose value can sometimes even exceed the price of roughly equal diamonds.

    Color: red
    Crystal appearance: often six-prisms
    System: sixth
    Hardness: 9
    Gloss: glassy
    Engraving: white
    Density: 4 g⋅cm − 3
    Others: high thermal conductivity

  • Sapphire

    Sapphire (Hebrew name) is a mono-crystal of alumina (Al2O3), a mineral called corundum. Whilst corundum consists of pure alumina, the sapphires always contain a mixture of other elements (iron, chromium, copper, magnesium, etc.) that supply it with blue, red, yellow, pink, purple, orange or greenish color. Among the sapphires are all gems, which are corundum varieties except red - also called ruby.

    Sapphires are characterized by a variety of shapes and processing. The most precious are the oval shapes in which the star effect of the gem stones. Fancy and Emerald Shapes are also common. For less pure sapphires, the shape of the kaboson is used.

    Color blue, orange, pink, yellow, green,
    white or multicolored
    The cranial system
    Hardness 9
    Glossy glass
    No cleavage
    Refractive index 1.762-1.778
    Scratch white
    Density 3.95-4.03 g / cm³
    Solubility insoluble

  • Sinhalite

    Sinhalite is a borate mineral with the formula MgAl (BO4), hardness 6.5 - 7 Mohs scale.
    This precious gem was first discovered in Sri Lanka (Ceylon) in 1952 and was named after its site - "Sinhala", which is the Sanskrit name for Sri Lanka. (Burma) The most common color of Sinhalite is white to gray, gray-blue or various shades of brown - from light to dark, and more rare are the shades of yellow.

  • Spinel

    Spinel is a cubic mineral belonging to the spinelids group.
    The name probably comes from the Latin spina - ton, according to sharp octahedral crystals.

    Spinels, however, offer the same variety of colors as sapphires. The historically oldest spinel site was the giant infusions of Sri Lanka. Around 500 BC the first Badakhshan, now Tajik pink to wine spinels, may have been found, admired by the Persian kings and saves. Around 1000 AD the extraction of these spinels from the Pamira and Hindukse intersections has grown, and from there a balanced spinel is also adorned with many distinguished European jewels. Spinel is softer than corundum, but it is a beautiful stone, healers are very protective, and he enjoyed great popularity in India.

    Color blue, yellow, green, red, salmon, purple, ...
    Appearance of octahedral crystal, dodecahedron
    The cubic system
    Hardness 8
    Glossy glass
    Scarcity dishonest
    Refractive index 1,712-1,762
    Gray gray
    Density 3.57-3.72 g / cm³

  • Topaz

    Topaz was named after the legendary island of Topazios, which lies on the coast of Egypt, or the Sanskrit word 'tapas', which means heat or fire. Topaz excels in an exceptionally wide color scheme, which, besides the classic brown, includes various saturated shades of blue, green, yellow, orange, red, pink and purple.


    Color clear, wine yellow, honey, pink, brownish, bluish
    The appearance of the crystal is stretched in column
    The diamond system
    Hardness 8
    Glossy glass
    Scatter by base
    Refractive index ??
    Scratch white
    Density 3.5 - 3.6 g / cm³

  • Tourmaline

    Tourmalines are complex borosilicates of aluminum and many other elements, mainly sodium, iron, magnesium or lithium. In nature, these elements in the crystal structures of tourmalines are represented in a variety of ways. Today the chemical composition distinguish 14 kinds of tourmaline (schorl, dravite, ELBAITE, welcome liddicoatit, buergerit, feruvit, chromdravit, foitit, magnesiofoitit, olenit, povondrait, rossmanit, vanadiumdravit). These are mixed with each other, so the correct assignment of a sample of turmaline to a particular species is usually possible only after a thorough chemical analysis, according to the predominant component. The chemical composition of tourmaline often changed during its growth. Tourmalines commonly have different chemical composition in the middle of the crystal and others at its edges, or differ in chemical composition at the ends of the columnar crystal and in the middle of the column. The most widespread tournaments are scorching, starving and elbait. Perfectly combines the lead with the predator (so-called skoryl-dravitová) and the skull with the elbaite (a series of skoryl-elbaitová).
    Tourmaline forms acicular and columnar crystals longitudinally grooved in cross-section triangular or hexagonal, or stébelnaté forms, acicular or even felty aggregates. Tourmalines are glass-glossy to matt, on uneven to last-lasting fracture they are vitreous to greasy. They are transparent, translucent to opaque. Most common are black, brown, dark green, dark blue, or pink, red, light green, light blue, etc.

  • Zircon

    Zircon, zirconium (zirconium silicate) is a square mineral. The name derives from the Persian zargun - colored as gold, according to the color of one of the varieties. Zircon is the oldest known mineral on Earth (in relation to the age of the Earth, not to human knowledge); Most often occurs in the form of tabular to prismatic crystals, with a square cross-section, terminated by a quadrilateral pyramid

    Color: colorless, yellow, green, blue ...
    Crystal appearance: prismatic, dipyramidal
    System: square
    Hardness: 7.5
    Gloss: Diamond
    Fission: imperfect
    Engraving: white
    Density 4,6–4,7 g⋅cm − 3

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